Side effects may include insomnia, blurred vision, high blood pressure, fast heart rate, circulation problems, and addiction. Another type of prescription nootropic is modafinil (Provigil). Caffeine pills and powders may contain extremely high amounts of the stimulant. Taking them can lead to an overdose of caffeine and even death, in rare cases.
Misuse of nootropics any substance that can alter, improve or increase cognitive performance, primarily through stimulation or inhibition of certain neurotransmitters, can be potentially dangerous and harmful to the human brain, and to certain people with a mental or substance history use disorders may be particularly vulnerable to their adverse effects. We describe four cases of probable psychiatric adverse effects induced by nootropics to illustrate this theory. As far as we know, this has not been previously reported in the formal medical literature. We briefly describe the most common classes of nootropics, including their postulated or proven methods of action, their desired effects and their adverse side effects, and provide a brief discussion of the cases.
Our goal is to raise awareness among physicians in general and psychiatrists and addiction specialists in particular about the potentially dangerous phenomenon of unsupervised use of nootropics among young adults who may be especially vulnerable to the negative effects of nootropics. The general evidence on the benefits of nootropics in healthy people seeking mental improvement remains controversial. In addition, it is important to note that nootropics are not free of adverse effects. Table 1 summarizes the mechanisms of action, the desired neuropsychiatric effects, and the adverse effects of the common classes of nootropics listed below.
Despite improving wakefulness, adverse effects of armodafinil usually include headache, nasopharyngitis and diarrhea, 6 Side effects. Citicoline has been found to cause gastrointestinal discomfort, headache, insomnia, myalgia, agitation, fatigue and tremors, 10 Adverse effects. Piracetam users have reported symptoms of psychomotor agitation, dysphoria, tiredness, dizziness, memory loss, headache, and diarrhea. Many users reported that they had not felt any cognitive enhancement or psychedelic effects after taking piracetam, 17-19 Adverse effects.
Ampakines have also been found to cause headaches, drowsiness and nausea21. Despite the long-term improvement of cortical neuronal potentiation with the use of ampakines, changing cortical neuronal plasticity in favor of long-term potentiation could lead to alterations in spatial memory and perhaps in motor skills. function, 22 Adverse effects. Adverse reactions to cerebrolysin include vertigo, agitation, and feeling hot. Two of the cases were taking psychotropic medications, which may have had drug interactions with nootropics, causing the adverse effects.
There is also the possibility of undisclosed or undetected substance abuse as a causal factor. A major limitation is the inability to definitively determine the actual composition of nootropics, dosage and frequency of use. Healthcare providers in general, and specifically those in the fields of mental health and substance abuse, should note that nootropic use is an under-recognized and evolving problem. The use of nootropics should be considered in cases where there are sudden or unexplained exacerbations of psychiatric symptoms in patients who have remained stable and who have been on medication.
It is also important to remember that most nootropics are not detected in standard drug toxicology screening tests. We have very little clinical information on how nootropics can interact with psychotropics (or other medications) and potentially cause adverse physical and psychiatric side effects. Finally, because nootropics are often obtained through loosely regulated sources, such as online sellers, it is possible that other psychoactive compounds may be substituted for the advertised nootropics. Young adults, especially those with a history of mental health or substance abuse disorders, may be at particular risk of adverse effects from nootropic use and should be informed of the potential harm of nootropic misuse.
These drugs are commonly referred to as “smart” drugs because of the misconception that these drugs make you smarter. This is a misconception because these drugs don't actually increase your intelligence. They work by increasing concentration, attention, and memory, and reducing fatigue, allowing users to stay focused longer than usual. The problem is that many people do not fully understand the dangers of using these drugs outside of their designated medical purpose.
Getting a diagnosis of depression can be a very isolating experience. It can drain your energy and make performing simple tasks more challenging. An elusive and difficult to define condition, brain fog encompasses a general lack of mental energy, clarity and concentration, usually affected by brain fatigue (i.e. If you are wondering if nootropics have side effects, a headache may be the first sign that you are experiencing them.
Chemically induced insomnia not only inhibits a healthy night's sleep, it can also affect cognition, contributing to brain fatigue and fog. If you have cognitive problems or experience side effects from nootropics, it can definitely affect your career and relationships. Neither the mind nor the biochemical components of which it is made exist in a vacuum; they interact with their environment. Naturally, you will have difficulty performing if you experience psychological problems.
Most neurohackers will not experience adverse effects for a single nootropic. However, the most sensitive people may experience dizziness, headaches, insomnia, migraines, rashes and many other adverse reactions. It also offers tips on how to minimize the risk of nootopic side effects without sacrificing their brain benefits. Some evidence suggests that people who use prescription nootropics to improve brain function are at increased risk of impulsive behaviors, such as risky sexual practices.
But how do you reduce the odds of all these risks and still get the benefits of nootropics? Research each compound and experiment slowly. Some studies have reported that prescription nootropics, when taken regularly, increase the chances of behavioral problems, such as risky sexual practices. One criterion for a compound to be nootropic is that the compound should not be at risk of addiction if used correctly. Nootropics with clean labels will minimize the risk of side effects because they don't contain unnecessary ingredients.
I think you can increase your chances of achieving this by being aware of the risks and experimenting with caution. There are some nootropics with a reverse risk that have a lot of scientific evidence of being harmless. If you experiment with the most potent pharmaceutical nootropics, there is a risk that it could create long-term problems for you by causing some real damage to your DNA or by some other unknown mechanism. The risk you are exposed to depends on the nootropics you use and, above all, how you use them.
To minimize this risk of side effects, use smart doses; also check the supplement information for artificial flavors and colors that can trigger sensitivities. Even if you have an excellent nootropic formula with premium ingredients, an unsafe or unhealthy manufacturing plant can create risks of contaminants and related side effects. The risk is that any positive effect you feel is placebo, which means you're really just wasting your money. .